EDUARD TOLL – GEOLOGIST AND EXPLORER OF THE ARCTIC

On January 21,2017, Teekay’s first icebreaker LNG carrier was launched in South Korea and named after Eduard Toll.
Eduard Toll was born on 14 March 1858, in Tallin in Estonia. He belonged to a noble family of Baltic German origin and was married to Baroness Emmy von Toll. Eduard Toll graduated from the university of Tartu, the second largest city of Estonia, as a zoologist in 1882. In 1885-1886, Toll took part in the expedition of Alexander A. Bunge, organized by the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences to study the New Siberian Islands. Toll thought that he had seen an unknown land north of Kotelny. He guessed that this was the Sannikov Land, a land that Yakov Sannikov and Matvei Gedenschtrom claimed to have seen during their 1808-1810 expedition, but whose existence had never been proved.
In 1893, Toll led a geological expedition of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences to the northern regions of Yakutia to explore the area between the lower reaches of the rivers Lena and Hatanga. After a voyage on the icebreaker Yermak to the shores of Spitsbergen, Baron Eduard Toll bought a Norwegian three-masted barque auxiliarily powered by a steam engine. Renamed Zarya, the ship was heavily modified in order to deal with the ice and prepared for the Russian Polar Expedition. On June 21, 1900, Toll and a crew of 20 left Saint Petersburg and sailed towards the Kara Sea. The aim of the expedition was to study ocean currents in the Arctic Ocean, as well as search for new lands. During the navigation of the schooner and two wintering grounds off the northwest coast of the Taimyr Peninsula and the western coast of the Kotelny Island, Toll carried out a set of hydrological, physical, geographical and geological research. In July of 1902, Toll accompanied by three member of the expedition, went dog sledding to the Bennett Island, where Zarya was expected to arrive two months later. However, the ship was unable to break through the ice. Badly damaged, in September 1902 the schooner was withdrawn to the Tiksi Bay in the southern part of the Laptev Sea, to the south-east of the mouth of the Lena River. Toll’s group, having failed to meet Zarya, decided to move on its own to the south side of the continent. No further traces of the four men have ever been found. Two rescue mission organized in 1903, did not find the travelers, only their diaries and collections.