GANDOM BERYAN IN LUT DESERT, IRAN: HOTTEST PLACE ON EARTH
The world’s highest land surface temperature ever recorded occurred in 2005 Gandom Beryan, Iran. The location of the hottest place on earth has had some controversy but the hottest spot on record for a century was the Furnace Creek Ranch in California’s Death Valley. On July 10, 1913, weather instruments measured 56.7 degrees Celsius, or 134 degrees Fahrenheit. But it’s likely there were hotter temperatures, but no weather station was around to measure. That’s where satellites come in. Orbiting instruments can scan every parcel of the planet’s surface and fill in the gaps in global temperature measurements. The highest surface temperature on Earth was found in the Dash-i-Lut Desert; a large salt desert located in the provinces of Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran. It is the world’s 27th-largest desert, The hottest part of Dasht-e Lut is Gandom Beryan, a large plateau covered in dark lava. The single highest land surface temperature ever recorded in any year, in any region, occurred there in 2005, when MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA’s satellite Aqua, recorded a temperature of 70.7°C (159.3°F).
(Image: Gandom Beyran plateau in the Lut Desert, Iran )