JANUARY 1862: ELISABETH WATTS EXPORTS FIRST PENNSYLVANIA OIL TO LONDON

The first oil export of US crude oil using the Elisabeth Watts cargo ship came soon after Edwin L. Drake drilled the first American oil well along Oil Creek in northwestern Pennsylvaniai, in Venango and Crawford counties. After his historic discovery near Titusville, Drake bought up all the 40-gallon whiskey barrels he could find to transport his oil on barges down the Allegheny River to Pittsburgh refineries.
In the year 1861, Peter Wright & Sons, exporters from Philadelphia were responsible for making the first export of crude oil to London in a 224-tonne capacity conventional cargo ship, the Elisabeth Watts. Launched in 1847 by the shipbuilding firm of J. & C.C. Morton of Thomaston, Maine, the Elizabeth Watts was about 96 feet long with a draft of 11 feet. . “She was a two masted, square-rigged ship well suited for the Atlantic cargo trade of the day,” noted J. & C.C. Morton, the Maine shipbuilding firm that constructed the 224-ton brig in 1847.
To reach Philadelphia docks, the oil would have to travel overland across Pennsylvania. The nearest railroad to Oil Creek’s prolific fields was a grueling trek on muddy roads clogged with teamsters’ wagons. The preferred railhead, owing to primitive road conditions, was the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad station at Miles Mills (now Union City), 20 miles north of Titusville.
From Miles, railroad flatcars laboriously stacked with barrels and pulled by a steam locomotive could make their way eastward to Philadelphia. Along the route, saltwater residue would eat at the barrels’ glue and cause leakage. The risk of fire or explosion would be constant.
Despite the hazards and difficulty, 901 barrels of Pennsylvania crude and 428 barrels of refined kerosene made the trip. Each 40-gallon barrel weighed over 60 pounds empty and 360 pounds to 400 pounds when full.
On November 18, 1861, the 901 barrels of Pennsylvania oil and 428 barrels of refined kerosene were loaded on the Elisabeth Watts. Forty-five days later, on January 9, 1862, the U.S. brig sails down the Thames River to arrive at London’s Victoria Dock. It will take 12 days to unload the 1,329 barrels. Not much more is known about the Elizabeth Watts. She carried the world’s first really substantial cargo of oil and arrived safely in England. The three British consignees awaiting the cargo were G. Crowshaw & Company, Coates & Company, and Herzog & Company. Beyond that the records are blank-except to note that the ship’s master had considerable difficulty in recruiting a crew. However, the following year, reports says that Philadelphia exported 239,000 barrels of oil.
(Source and image: AOGHS)

SUNSEAP AND FACEBOOK SIGN MULTI-YEAR AGREEMENT FOR SOLAR ENERGY IN SINGAPORE

April 07, 2021

Sunseap Group has signed a multi-year virtual power purchase agreement (VPPA) with Facebook for solar energy from the Republic's largest offshore floating...

Read More+
QATAR PETROLEUM ENTERS TWO EXPLORATION BLOCKS OFFSHORE NAMIBIA WITH SHELL

April 07, 2021

Qatar Petroleum entered into an agreement with Shell to become a partner in two exploration blocks offshore the Republic of Namibia.Under the terms...

Read More+
TULLOW STARTS MULTI-YEAR DRILLING CAMPAIGN OFFSHORE GHANA AT JUBILEE FIELD

April 07, 2021

The ultra-deepwater drillship Maersk Venturer, which has been contracted for four years, is expected to drill four wells in total in 2021, consisting...

Read More+
METHANE EMISSIONS IN THE PERMIAN BASSIN DECLINED 70% THE PAST EIGHT YEARS

April 06, 2021

Methane emissions intensity in the Permian Basin has declined over 70 percent the past eight years as oil production more than tripled over the same...

Read More+
BAKER HUGHES TO INVEST IN FiveT HYDROGEN FUND WITH TWO US PARTNERS

April 06, 2021

Plug Power, Chart Industries, Inc. and Baker Hughes, are announcing their intention to become cornerstone investors in the formation of the FiveT Hydrogen...

Read More+
DELTAMARIN AND CSL TEAM UP TO DESIGN SELF-UNLOADING BULK CARRIER

April 06, 2021

Deltamarin’s series of energy-efficient cargo ships reached yet another milestone as Canada Steamship Lines (CSL), a unit of the CSL Group, has entered...

Read More+
DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES BOOST GAZPROM NEFT’S PRODUCTION IN TOMSK REGION

April 06, 2021

Gazpromneft-Vostok has commissioned a digital twin of the Urmano-Archinskaya group of fields, located in the Tomsk Oblast. This innovative system is...

Read More+
MIDLAND BASIN – PIONEER NATURAL RESOURCES ACQUIRES DOUBLE POINT ENERGY

April 05, 2021

Pioneer Natural Resources Company headquartered in Irving, Texas, has entered into a definitive purchase agreement to acquire the leasehold interests...

Read More+
PETRONAS SUSPENDS GAS PRODUCTION FROM YETAGUN FIELD IN THE ANDAMAN SEA

April 05, 2021

PC Myanmar (PCML), a subsidiary of Petronas, has declared Force Majeure (FM) on its Yetagun field on 1 April 2021 due to depletion of gas production...

Read More+
TechnipFMC AND BOMBORA TO DEVELOP FLOATING WAVE AND WIND PROJECT

April 05, 2021

TechnipFMC, a global leader in the energy industry, and Bombora, a leading wave energy technology company, have formed a strategic partnership to develop...

Read More+
US SCIENTISTS UNVEIL NEW DESIGN FOR COMPACT FUSION REACTOR

April 05, 2021

According to San Diego-based General Atomics, fusion energy is heating up. In the past few months, both the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Fusion...

Read More+
CALABAR QUEEN – THE FORGOTTEN DRILLING BARGE OF THE GULF OF GUINEA

April 04, 2021

There are several drilling units that have marked the history of offshore drilling.Units that lit up the dawn of offshore drilling in Louisiana such...

Read More+