THE GIGANTIC AIRPORTS OF THE FUTURE – ISTANBUL, DAXING, CHANGI, LONG THANH
Gigantic airports of the future will replace the congested airports we know today. According to the ACI (Airports Council International) Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport remains the world’s busiest airport with 103.9 million passengers even if the figures fell by 0.3 per cent. The Atlanta International Airport is the home of Delta Air Lines and serves as a major transit hub for domestic and international travel.
Beijing Capital International Airports is the second busiest airport with nearly 96 million passengers. Dubai International airport comes third with 88.2 million. Three of the busiest aiports are located in the USA (Atlanta, Los Angeles, Chicago) and three in China (Beijing, Hong Kong and Shanghai). London Heathrow is Europe’s busiest airport with 78 million passengers.
However, huge projects are already underway for the construction of giant airports to cover the needs of the near future. There are no words to tell how incredible they will be.
1 – Istanbul New Airport
In less than ten years Istanbul New Airport could become the world’s largest airport in terms of capacity. Located on the Black Sea coast on the European side of Turkey, the airport will be 22 miles outside Istanbul, but the project’s designers have said it serve as a gateway to the country with rail, metro and bus links. Once fully completed by 2028, the airport will have 6 runways, 16 taxiways, and annual capacity of 150 million passengers, which will be expandable to 200 million.
2 – Beijing Daxing airport
China is building a new airport in Beijing to relieve pressure from the overcrowded Beijing Capital International Airport, which is located in the northeastern outskirts of the city. Beijing’s new airport officially named Beijing Daxing International Airport is expected to open in 2019. The airport will have capacity to handle 45 million passengers per annum during the initial stages, 70 million passengers by 2025 with plans for expanding the facility into an airport capable of handling 100 million passengers. Six runways will be available.
3 – Singapore Changi airport
Singapore Changi Airport, which is already one of the busiest and largest airports in the world, is undergoing a massive expansion program that includes a new mega-terminal, known as Terminal 5. A third runway is due to be operational in the early 2020s and will increase the airport’s aircraft movement capacity enormously. The third runway will be the actual military runway that is being lengthened to 4 km. The terminal will be completed by 2030. It will increase Changi’s annual capacity by 50 million passengers initially and up to 70 million if needed. It will bring Changi’s capacity to150 million passengers a year, compared with the current capacity of 82 million.
4 – Ho Chi Mihmh Long Than airport
Long Thanh International Airport is a new airport development project which is planned to alleviate traffic congestion at Ho Chi Minh City Tan Son Nhat Airport. Tan Son Nhat was built during the Vietnam War to support war transportation, hence its location inside the crowded Saigon where growth is limited. Due to location it is difficult to expand to meet the increasing annual growth of passengers. The flow of international tourists to the South of Vietnam is increasing dramatically, by 15 to 20 percent annually. The new airport is proposed to be built in Long Thanh, Dong Nai Province, located in Southern Vietnam, approximately 45km north-east of Ho Chi Minh City.
The airport will be designed to have an annual capacity of more than 100 million passengers. It will be capable of handling five million tonnes of cargo a year. The construction is scheduled to start in 2017 and is expected to be fully completed by 2035.
(Sources: airport-technology/Wikipedia/Air & Cosmos/CAPA)
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