GAZPROM COMPLETES THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NORTH STREAM 2 GAS PIPELINE
On September 10, 2021, during a morning briefing at Gazprom, Alexey Miller, Chairman of the Management Committee, announced that the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline was fully completed.
On September 6, 2021, specialists on the lay barge Fortuna welded the last pipe of the two strings of the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline. The pipe number 200,858 was subsequently lowered onto the seabed in German waters. As the next step, the section of the pipe coming from the German shore will be connected to the section coming from the Danish waters in a so-called above water tie-in.
Afterwards, the required pre-commissioning activities are carried out with the goal to put the pipeline into operation before the end of this year. Nord Stream 2 will contribute to meeting long-term needs of the European energy market for gas imports, improving supply security. The twin pipeline stretches approximately 1,230 kilometres through the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany, a route that largely runs parallel to the existing Nord Stream system. On both ends, landfall facilities have been constructed to suit local conditions, with the pipeline laid along the seabed in between.
Nord Stream 2 passes through the waters of five Baltic Sea nations: Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany. Because each country has its own unique set of conditions, thorough preparation was key. Extensive seabed surveys defined the optimum route, while detailed engineering and logistics plans have enabled an around-the-clock construction schedule.
Pipeline construction began in 2018. By the end of 2019, it was complete in Russian, Finnish and Swedish waters, with much of the work finished in German and Danish waters as well. Because Denmark was the last country to grant a permit for construction in its waters.
However, pipelay was suspended in December 2019 due to the threat of US sanctions that target the project’s contractors and financial investors. The European Commission has described these sanctions as a breach of international law, and we are currently looking for solutions to ensure that the pipeline is commissioned as soon as possible. This is in the interest of European energy security and consumers, as well as EU economic competitiveness and climate protection commitments. In the meantime, the German landfall has been readied for operation, while the Russian landfall is also nearing completion.
Each step of the way Nord Stream 2 has worked with the world’s leading suppliers, applying rigorous environmental, health, safety, and social standards to protect the sensitive Baltic Sea environment and the communities affected by the project. All works are being carried out in compliance with national permit conditions and monitored for potential environmental impacts.
(Source: Gazprom/North Stream 2 – Image: Castoro 10 pulling the North Stream 2 pipe line in the Baltic Sea)
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